The Need of the Times - Water Treatment Systems
Pollution is a major issue faced by urban communities worldwide. Whether it is in the form of air, land or water pollution the phenomenon affects our way of life in several ways. The rising instances of asthma, poor quality of food grains, fruit and veggies and spread of water-borne diseases some of the effects of pollution.
Development with harmony
Cities around the globe are grappling with insufficient hygiene and sanitation facilities as a result of poor infrastructure planning. Generally the available resources and facilities show to be insufficient to support the growing population.
Urban increase in harmony with the environment is a vital aspect of town planning a thing that is often overlooked in most places. A well planned settlement with facilities for water treatment for both potable purpose as well as recycling makes for fitness. Industrial units, one of the main sources of water pollution needs to be away from residential zones with facilities to take care of effluents and exhausts.
The benefits of Water treatment
Recycled water has been used to great benefit for agriculture and landscaping purpose. In coastal areas or places the location where the rainfall is heavy, storm water and rain water treatment systems have provided large amounts of water to communities for use for a variety of purposes from residential hygiene related to large scale irrigation.
Advanced technology with traditional means
Several urban and semi-urban areas have extensive water treatment facilities that will make use of sophisticated filtration systems. These systems are usually according to up to three degrees of purification based on physical, chemical and biological processes. The physical filtration technique is based on traditional means using sand, pebbles and sediment chambers. Advanced filtration processes include materials like active carbon, ion-exchange process, artificial and biological membranes and stuff like that.
The water treatment system has been used extensively in most places over a large scale as well as for domestic purpose. Entire cities are using water treatment plants situated at various places. Small water purifier units noticed in many households utilize the same filtration technique albeit on a small scale.
Health is wealth
Water purification units for potable purpose also take advantage of additives like chlorine and water softeners combined with the other methods. Storm water runoffs are actually systematically collected in tanks and treated in plants to use for flushing toilets, watering trees and on croplands. This has reduced the prevalence of diseases like malaria which occur as a result of stagnant water. Also the incidence of other water borne diseases too has reduced considerably in places where water treatment plants have been set up.
Often together with financial constraints, lack of knowledge, awareness and infrastructure result in degradation of the environment. Most town planning authorities have tried to resolve the problem by allocating a different fund for environmental concerns included in maintaining public health and hygiene.